The president also uses a VIP helicopter operated by the Federal Police and VIP aircraft (Bombardier Global 5000, Airbus A319CJ, Airbus A310 or A340) operated by the Executive Transport Wing of the German Air Force. German constitutional law does not consider oaths of office as constitutive but only as affirmative. [7] This distance from day-to-day politics and daily governmental issues allows the president to be a source of clarification, to influence public debate, voice criticism, offer suggestions and make proposals. German presidents also hold talks with individual federal ministers and other senior officials at their own discretion. The Weimar Constitution of August 1919 created the office of President of Germany ( German: Reichspräsident ). In April–May 1945, Karl Dönitz briefly became President upon the suicide of Hitler (in accordance with last will and testament of Hitler). On paper that makes him the most powerful political figure in Germany. Algerian President Abelmadjid Tebboune appeared on public television Sunday afternoon for the first time since 15 October. The "Head of the Office of the President" represents the will and views of the president in the meetings of the Federal Cabinet and reports back to the president. Eventually Hindenburg stopped trying to appoint cabinets that enjoyed the confidence of the Reichstag and ruled by means of three "presidential cabinets" (Präsidialkabinette). Find an answer to your question Who is the president of Germany 1. The President of Germany (German: Bundespräsident, literally: federal president) is the head of state of the Federal Republic of Germany. Twitter/JA screenshot Algeria's President Abdelmadjid Tebboune returned to Germany on Sunday to undergo minor surgery … 12 Answers. [12] If this occurs, the president must dismiss the chancellor and appoint the successor elected by the Bundestag.[12]. A "legislative state of emergency" has never been declared. Angela Merkel is sworn in as Chancellor of Germany on November 22, 2005. There is no need for a countersignature if the president proposes, appoints or dismisses the chancellor, convenes or dissolves the Bundestag according to Article 63, declares a legislative state of emergency, calls on a Chancellor and ministers to remain in office after the end of a Chancellor's term until a successor is elected or exercises his right to pardon on behalf of the federation, as these are exclusive powers of the president.   CDU (6) Germany didn’t fare well after World War I, as it was thrown into troubling economic and social disorder. 2. The United States joined the Allied Powers by declaring war on Germany on April 6, 1917.. President Wilson Presidents are not elected. [3] They can give direction to general political and societal debates and has some important "reserve powers" in case of political instability (such as those provided for by Article 81 of the Basic Law). Algerian President Abdelmadjid Tebboune flew back to Germany on Sunday for treatment in hospital for complications in his foot resulting from a coronavirus infection, the presidency said. This has happened three times: .mw-parser-output .legend{page-break-inside:avoid;break-inside:avoid-column}.mw-parser-output .legend-color{display:inline-block;min-width:1.25em;height:1.25em;line-height:1.25;margin:1px 0;text-align:center;border:1px solid black;background-color:transparent;color:black}.mw-parser-output .legend-text{}  FDP (2) The French and German leaders join president Andrés Manuel López Obrador of Mexico, an avowed socialist, who was the first world leader to condemn Facebook and Twitter for banning president Trump. None of these three presidents of the Bundesrat acting as head of state, has used any of the more important powers of the president, as for example vetoing a law or dissolving the Bundestag, although they would have been entitled to do so under the same conditions as the president. According to article 81 of the German constitution, the president can declare a "Legislation Emergency" and allow the federal government and the Bundesrat to enact laws without the approval of the Bundestag. 1 See answer Wojtomax is waiting for your help. In Germany the new head of state was called the Reichspräsident. Upon the death of Paul von Hindenburg in August 1934 the office was left vacant, with Adolf Hitler becoming head of state as Führer und Reichskanzler. Electing the Federal President is the sole task of the Federal Convention. In practice, the president only proposes a person as chancellor who has previously garnered a majority support in coalition talks and traditionally does not interfere in those talks. This role for a president … Warren T. Lv 7. The Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany of May 1949 created the office of President of the Federal Republic of Germany (German: Bundespräsident). In other cases, elections have turned out to be much closer than expected. The office and its staff advise the president, informs them of all developments in domestic and foreign affairs and carries out the instructions of the president or forwards these to the corresponding ministry or authority.[26]. Wojtomax Wojtomax 10/03/2016 Social Studies College Who is the president of Germany? The system created by the Weimar constitution led to a number of problems. The German presidents, who can be elected to two consecutive five-year terms, have wide discretion about how they exercise their official duties.[5]. In Germany they dont have a president so ... yeh theres no answer to this question Her willingness to adopt the positions of her political opponents has been characterized as pragmatism, although critics have decried her approach as the absence of a clear stance and ideology. Nevertheless, a persistent refusal to take the oath is considered to be an impeachable offence by legal scholars. Once the Bundestag or the Bundesrat impeaches the president, the Federal Constitutional Court is charged with determining if they are guilty of the offence.   SPD (3) 2 years ago. Frank-Walter Steinmeier (German: [ˈfʁaŋkˌvaltɐ ˈʃtaɪ̯nˌmaɪ̯.ɐ] (); born 5 January 1956) is a German politician serving as President of Germany since 19 March 2017. In 1949, Germany was divided into two states. Adolf Hitler, leader of the Nazi Party (from 1920/21) and chancellor and Fuhrer of Germany (1933–45). 1. However, the two most recent elections before 2017 were held on different dates after the incumbent presidents, Horst Köhler and Christian Wulff, resigned before the end of their terms, in 2010 and 2012 respectively. Wilson served as President from 1913 to 1921 and oversaw the American entry into the war in 1917. Join now. Its top official, who takes precedence over all other German state secretaries, is the Head of the Office of the President (Chef des Bundespräsidialamts). The president must not be a member of the federal government or of a legislature at either the federal or state level. This led to eight Reichstag elections taking place in the 14 years of the Republic's existence; only one parliamentary term, that of 1920–1924, was completed without elections being held early. According to a long-standing adage in German politics, "if you can create a President, you can form a government. Ask your question. Add your answer and earn points. He was Minister for Foreign Affairs from 2005 to 2009 and from 2013 to 2017, and Vice-Chancellor of Germany from 2007 to 2009. The president appoints and dismisses the remaining members of the federal government upon the proposal of the chancellor. The German constitution, the Basic Law, requires that the convention be convened no later than 30 days before the scheduled expiry of the sitting president's term or 30 days after a premature expiry of a president's term. The president had authority to appoint the chancellor and could dismiss the entire cabinet at any time. What is the role of the German president? [18], It is customary that the federal president becomes the honorary godfather of the seventh child in a family if the parents wish it. What is the role of the German President? In English he was usually simply referred to as the President of Germany. (Because his mother said he arrived around midnight, some sources list Wilson’s birthday as December 29.) Stanley. 2 years ago. The Weimar-era presidential standard from 1921 was adopted again as presidential standard by a decision by President Theodor Heuss on 20 January 1950, when he also formally adopted other Weimar-era state symbols including the coat of arms. During the pandemic, he said, civic spirit had been strengthened. This means that the president can appoint only candidates presented by the chancellor. [15] Usually, the president checks if the law was passed according to the order mandated by the Constitution and/or if the content of the law is constitutional. Upon the death of Wilhelm Pieck in 1960, the office of president was replaced by a collective head of state, the Staatsrat ("State Council"). [23] If the president is temporarily unable to perform his duties (this happens frequently, for example if the president is abroad on a state visit), he can at his own discretion delegate his powers or parts of them to the president of the Bundesrat.[24]. However, after the "Jamaica coalition" talks failed in late 2017, President Steinmeier invited several Bundestag party leaders to try to still bring them together to form a working government. He was the leader of Germany during that country’s participation in World War II, and he oversaw the Nazi Party’s implementation of the Holocaust, which resulted in the deaths of millions of people. The following day, a provisional government was announced made up of members of the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and the Independent Social Democrat… The president enjoys higher ranking at official functions than the chancellor, as he is the actual head of state. Kathy. If, after two votes, no single candidate has received this level of support, in the third and final vote the candidate who wins a plurality of votes cast is elected. If there was a threat to "public order and security" he could legislate by decree and suspend civil rights. In the event that the Bundestag elects an individual for the office of chancellor by a plurality of votes, rather than a majority, on the 15th day of the election process, the president can, at their discretion, either appoint that individual as chancellor or dissolve the Bundestag, triggering a new election. His functions are mostly supervising and representative, because of the negative experiences with the office of its predecessor the Reich President (Reichskanzler).   None (1). As yet (2017), only four presidents (Heuss, Lübke, von Weizsäcker and Köhler) have been elected for a second term and only two of them (Heuss and von Weizsäcker) completed those terms, while Lübke and Köhler resigned during their second term. For this reason, presidential elections can indicate the result of an upcoming general election. In particular, the fact that the president could appoint the cabinet, while the Reichstag had only a power of dismissal, created a high cabinet turn-over as ministers were appointed by the president only to be dismissed by the Reichstag shortly afterwards. The federal president cannot, however, issue an amnesty waiving or commuting sentences for a whole category of offenses. However, the Bundestag is free to disregard the president's proposal (which has, as of 2020, never happened), in which case the parliament must within 14 days elect another individual, whom the parties in the Bundestag can now propose themselves, to the post with the same so-called Chancellor-majority, whom the president is then obliged to appoint. The Reichspräsident was the German head of state under the Weimar constitution, which was officially in force from 1919 to 1945. Who was the President of Germany in 1938? If the Reichstag threatened to censure his ministers or revoke one of his decrees he could simply dissolve the body and be able to govern without its interference until elections had been held. In principle, the president has the full veto authority on any bill, but this, however, is not how past presidents handled their power. Germany is a federal multiparty republic with two legislative houses. If not, the president can either appoint as chancellor the individual who received a plurality of votes on this last ballot or dissolves the Bundestag. Log in. Socialist East Germany established the office of a head of state with the title of President of the Republic (German: Präsident der Republik) in 1949, but abandoned the office with the death of the first president, Wilhelm Pieck, in 1960 in favour of a collective head of state. Every president to date, except Joachim Gauck, has suspended his party membership for the duration of his term. This rule ensures the coherence of government action, similar to the system of checks and balances in the United States of America. Official Website of the President of Germany: Interaction between constitutional organs. Twelve persons have served as President of the Federal Republic of Germany. This page was last edited on 21 January 2021, at 09:44. The eagle (Reichsadler, now called Bundesadler) in the design that was used in the coat of arms and presidential standard in the Weimar Republic and today was originally introduced by a decision by President Friedrich Ebert on 11 November 1919. While in office, the president enjoys immunity from prosecution and cannot be voted out of office or recalled. Lv 7. These were the election of Paul von Hindenburg in 1925 and his re-election in 1932. In 1933, these versions were both replaced by another modified version, that was used until 1935. Germany shares the overall objective of the initiative and sees that it has huge potential to create synergies and thus provide important added value to the region. From German reunification in 1990, the President has been the head of state for all of Germany. The resignation of German President Christian Wulff has once again called into question the role of the president. After the Staatsrat was abolished on 5 April 1990, the president of the Volkskammer ("People's Chamber") served as head of state until East Germany joined the Federal Republic on 3 October 1990. DW takes a look at Germany's highest office, which plays a largely ceremonial role. Donald Trump fired the director of CISA, a federal agency in charge of securing US elections, after the agency rebuffed the president's unfounded claims of widespread voter fraud. Her dad theorized about her death. recent questions recent answers. Adolf Hitler now ruled Germany as "Führer und Reichskanzler", combining his previous positions in party and government. Click here to get an answer to your question ️ Who is the president of Germany? Three were head of a state government (von Weizsäcker West Berlin, Rau North Rhine-Westphalia, Wulff Lower Saxony), Rau having been President of the Bundesrat. 28, Official website of the President of Germany: Constitutional basis, Official Website of the President of Germany. The president represents Germany in the world (Art. I swear that I will dedicate my efforts to the well-being of the German people, enhance their benefits, avert harm from them, uphold and defend the Constitution and the statutes of the Federation, fulfil my duties conscientiously, and do justice to all. Six of them were members of the CDU (Lübke, Carstens, von Weizsäcker, Herzog, Köhler, Wulff), three were members of the SPD (Heinemann, Rau, Steinmeier), two were members of the FDP (Heuss, Scheel) and one was independent (Gauck). He also sends letters of congratulations to centenarians and long-time married couples.[19]. On taking office the president must take the following oath, stipulated by Article 56 of the Basic Law, in a joint session of the Bundestag and the Bundesrat (it is the only event that demands such a joint session constitutionally). After a series of mutinies by German sailors and soldiers, Kaiser Wilhelm IIlost the support of his military and the German people, and he was forced to abdicate on November 9, 1918. German President Frank-Walter Steinmeier urged Germans Monday to abide by strict new lockdown measures to be implemented Wednesday, saying the … In most cases, the candidate of the majority party or coalition in the Bundestag is considered to be the likely winner. It is a matter of political tradition – not legal restrictions – that the president generally does not comment routinely on issues in the news, particularly when there is some controversy among the political parties. - 2 BvE 4/13 - Rn. 0 0. The convention consists of all Bundestag members, as well as an equal number of electors elected by the state legislatures in proportion to their respective populations. The federal president is the head of state but has little influence on government. Answer for question: Your name: Answers. Answer Save. Bellevue is a French word for “ Beautiful view,” which is derived from the scenic view over the Spree’s river course. Paul Ludwig Hans Anton von Beneckendorff und von Hindenburg (listen), typically known simply as Paul von Hindenburg (German: [ˈpaʊl fɔn ˈhɪndn̩bʊɐ̯k] (); 2 October 1847 – 2 August 1934), was a German general and statesman who led the Imperial German Army during World War I and later became President of Germany from 1925 until his death in 1934. Christian Wulff served the shortest tenure (1 year, 7 months and 18 days) of all presidents. [30] All bills had to receive the signature of the president to become law and, although he did not have an absolute veto on legislation, he could insist that a law be submitted for the approval of voters in a referendum. They also conclude treaties with foreign nations (which do not come into effect until affirmed by the Bundestag), accredit German diplomats and receive the letters of accreditation of foreign diplomats. Frank-Walter Steinmeier. The only mechanism for removing the president is impeachment by the Bundestag or Bundesrat for willfully violating German law. If the president dies, resigns or is otherwise removed from office, a successor is to be elected within thirty days. His functions are mostly supervising and representative, because of the negative experiences with the office of its predecessor the Reich President (Reichskanzler). It organizes the president's work, supports the president in the performance of his duties as Head of State and coordinates his working relationships with other parts of the German government and administration. Joachim Gauck was elected president of Germany in March 2012, becoming the third person to hold that office in as many years. Under the 1949 constitution (Basic Law) Germany has a parliamentary system of government in which the chancellor (similar to a prime minister or minister president in other parliamentary democracies) is the head of government. Partially or entirely in Asia, depending on geographical definition. If the charge is sustained, the court has the authority to remove the president from office. However the first president was elected by the National Assembly and subsequently only two direct presidential elections actually occurred.